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Future of Manufacturing Basics and Mains Goals

Cyber Physical Systems and Industry Digitalization

logo_2B1st Cyber Physical Systems (CPS) refers to all the technologies enabling computerized resources and physical objects to interact together in a coordinated, reliable and continuous manner for performing multiple given tasks.

These CPS may combine hardware and software from physic, biology, engineering and information technologies.

The first examples of CPS appeared in Germany during the Second World War with integrated systems to monitor the aircrafts wings.

Cyber-Physical-Systems_CPSSince, the CPS were mainly developed in the aerospace industry.

More recently they contributed to the dawning of the nanotechnologies and mechatronics sciences.

If the CPS has today found number of applications in all industrial sectors, the big data technologies have opened a new dimension in the digitalization of the industry.

With the big data solutions, it becomes possible for a manufacturing entity to extend the field of applications of one particular CPS and even better to connect several CPS together.

Thus the big data solutions are helping a company to deploy its digitalization level from independent systems to its entire manufacturing process.

Assuming that all the companies have reached this first level of integration, the “Future of Manufacturing” introduces the next levels of industrial digitalization by the interconnection of these companies together.

Future of Manufacturing Main Goals

For the developed countries, the industry digitalization and all other concepts of the Future of Manufacturing provide with all the processes and tools to relocate industry back home.

While the subprime crisis in 2008, all the developed countries realized in the hard way that their respective economy could not grow and create jobs in a sustainable way without a solid industry.

Since the years 2010s, these developed country saw in the Future of Manufacturing concepts and the industry digitalization the solution to restore their industry competitive advantage.

This industrial digitalization will require intensive financial and human resources over years.

Four_Industrial_RevolutionsJust to remind the different steps of the industry revolutions:

 – First industry revolution was due to the coal and the steam machines (some others refer to the first textile machines) in the UK on 18th century.

 – Second industry revolution resulted from the combination of the electricity development and first production in series in the 1900s years.

 – Third industry revolution came up with the introduction of the first computers in the factories and first robots in the 1960s

 – Forth industry revolution is about to come with the digitalization, the internet of the things (IoT), the big data

At the scale of the last 40 years taken by the companies to computerize their machines and introduce robots inn their factories, the next step to interconnect them together may call for another similar period of 30 years.

To support such effort the developed countries have great expectations in the “Future of Manufacturing” concepts, to consolidate or restore the competitive advantage in their local industry.

These efforts will start by the communication and the education about these new “Future of Manufacturing” concepts since most of the people still do not understand the difference between robotization and digitalization.

For more information about Future of Manufacturing in Oil & Gas and Petrochemicals

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